初中被动语态讲解

被动语态的最基本的用法及例句

主动与被动语态学案

一.概念:

英语动词有两种语态,即主动语态(The Active Voice)与被动语态(The Passive Voice)。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者;被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。

例:1. They make trains in Xi’an. >> Trains are made in Xi’an by them.

2. Xm beats Xx evey day. >> Xx is beaten by Xm every day.

二.构成

be + done (p.p.--及物动词的过去分词)

一般现在时—— am/is /are + v.p.p.

一般过去时—— was/were +v.p.p.

一般将来时—— will be/be going to be + v.p.p.

过去将来时——would be/was,were going to be + v.p.p

现在进行时——am/is/are being + v.p.p.

过去进行时——was/were being+ v.p.p.

现在完成时—— have/has +been+ v.p.p

情态动词—— aux.v. (must/can/could/may…) + be + v.p.p.

三.被动语态的使用

1. 当我们不知道或没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者时;

例:1. His car was stolen last night.

2. Basketball is played in most countries.

2. 动作的承受者是谈话的中心 (常由by引起)

例:1. A lot of articles (that) we have learned were written by Lu Xun.

四.不用被动语态的情况

1. 某些及物动词+ adv表主动,特别是后加副词(如well, easily等)时。主动语态有被动含义,这类动词常见的有sell,write,wear,wash,photograph, clean, cook, cut 例:1. This book sell well.

2. Your pen writes really well/smoothly.

3. This dress (that) my mom bought for me wears well

4. She does not photograph well.

5. The cheese doesn’t cut easily. It’s too soft.

句子是主谓结构时,不用被动语态。常见的谓语动词有:happen, take place, (dis)appear, rise, break out, come about, come true, come out, run out, turn out

例:1. A traffic accident happened just now.

2. Great changes are taking place in my hometown.

3. He disappears.

4. When a gay person comes out, they let people know that he is a gay.

3. 连系动词无被动: 感官系动词:look、feel、sound、smell、taste “表变化的系动词”:become、grow、turn、fall、get “表保持的系动词”:keep, reamain, stay ④ prove + 形容词,名词或不定式

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