山东专升本英语_核心词汇10

专升本英语

专升本英语核心词汇 1.

able/ability/enable/unable/disable/disabled/disability

able的同根词用法一致,后接不定式。 比较:be able to do sth. / be capable of 14. accuse vt. 指责,控告

accuse sb. of sh. 因某事控告某人 (同:charge sb. with sth. 因某事控告某人)

e.g. He was accused of robbing the bank and sentenced ten years in jail.

His mother charged him with being lazy. (doing) sth.

2. 动词词缀:en-+ adj./n.或adj./n.+/-en enable/enlarge/enrich/encourage/brighten/widen/worsen/sharpen/strengthen/heighten/lengthen

3. abandon vt. 放弃,抛弃,放纵

abandon oneself to 纵情于,沉溺于 (=be addicted to)

4. aboard adv. 在船(车)上,上船 abroad adv. 在国外,到国外

board n. 木板 on board 在船上 broad adj. 宽的,宽阔的

5. absent adj. 不在的, 缺席的 (反:present)

6. absolute adj. 完全的, 绝对的 7. absorb vt. 吸收, 吸引 be absorbed in 全神贯注于

8. abundant adj. 丰富的,大量的 (=plentiful)

9. access n. 通路, 接近,入门 have access to 接近,有权使用

e.g. Citizens may have free access to the public library.

10. accident n. 意外事件, 事故 by accident 偶然(=by chance) (on purpose 故意)

11. accompany vt. 陪伴,陪同

12. accomplish vt. 完成, 达到, 实现 ~ the task

accomplishment n. 成就

13. account n. 计算, 帐目, 说明,解释 on account of 由于

take... into account 考虑到(= take… into consideration)

account for 解释,说明

15. achieve vt. 完成, 达到 achievement n. 成就, 功绩 16. action n. 动作, 行动, 举动

take action to do sth. 采取行动做某事 (同:take measures to do sth.)

17. actor n. 男演员 → actress n. 女演员

类似:waitress(女侍者,女服务生), hostess(女主人), princess(公主,王妃) 18. adapt vt. 使适应, 改编

adapt oneself to sth. 适应 (= adjust oneself to sth.)

e.g. He adapted/adjusted himself very quickly to the weather in the country. 比较:adopt vt. 采用, 收养

19. advance n. 前进, 提升 v. 前进, 提前

in advance 预先,提前

20. advantage n. 优势, 有利条件 (反:disadvantage n. 不利条件, 缺点) have an advantage over 胜过,占优势 take advantage of 利用 21. advertise v. 为…做广告 advertisement/ad n. 广告 22. advise vt. 劝告, 忠告

advise sb. to do sth. 劝说(强调动作) persuade sb. to do sth. 说服(强调结果)

注意:advise的宾语从句或It is advised that结构的主语从句,需使用should型虚拟语气。 advice n. 忠告, 建议

23. afford vt. 买得起, 负担得起 ~ sth. (a new car, vacation, etc.) ~ to do sth.

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