高中英语必修四一单元辅导

高中英语必修四一单元辅导2012-10-16

学海无涯家教辅导材料(教师专用)

课文知识点:

1.achievement(动词) http://www.wendangwang.comanize(名词) 3.behave(名词) 4.deliver(名词) 5.人类 6.离开,启程;出发 7.过着。。。的生活 8.(想法,问题等)涌上心头;涌入脑海 9.蔑视,瞧不起 10.查阅,参考;谈到 11.(偶然)遇见,碰见 12.继续,坚持

一.核心单词:

1. observe vt. 观察;观测;遵守;庆祝

He will observe Jupiter and its moons for two years.

The woman was observed to follow him closely.

用法点拨: observe后跟do或v.-ing作宾补;跟不定式作宾补时,如果变成被动语态,要把不定式符号to加上。类似用法的动词还有:see, watch,hear,notice等。

常用结构:

observe sb. do sth.观察某人做某事(已做完)

be observed to do被看到做某事

observe sb. doing sth.观察某人正在做某事

observe +名词或代词+形容词 观察到某人/某物

observe the law /the rules and regulations 遵守法律/规章制度

observe Christmas 过圣诞节

【联想拓展】

observation n.观察;观察力;监视 under observation在监视下

The patients were _____ over a period of several weeks.

A. watched B. noticed C. observed D. stared at

2. argue vt.&vi. 讨论;辩论;争论

The United States should, he argues, attempt to remain aloof.

用法点拨:argue后面可以跟that引导的宾语从句,也可以与其他介词搭配。

常用结构:

argue for (sb./sth.)支持(某人/某事)

argue against (sb./sth.)反对(某人/某事)

argue with sb. (about/over sth.)与某人(为某事)争辩

argue that...主张

argue sb. into/out of doing sth.

=persuade sb. to/not to do sth.说服某人做/不做某事

【联想拓展】

argument n.[C]论据;争辩;争吵

have an argument about/over sth.辩论某事

用适当的介词填空

We argued ____ the waiter ____ the price ____ the meal.

3. support vt.&n. 支持;拥护

Is this bridge strong enough to support heavy lorries?

He was weak with hunger, so I had to support him.

用法点拨:support可以用作动词,也可以用作名词。作为动词时,一般用作及物动词;作为名词时,多用其不可数形式。

常用结构:

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