1研究生英语入学考试阅读理解题解题技巧

介绍研究生英语考试阅读技巧

研究生英语入学考试阅读理解题解题技巧㈠ 测试方法和解题关键 浙江绍兴越秀外国语学院 英语分院 王益民 邮编:312000 电话:0575-88349436

一、测试方法

研究生入学考试英语阅读理解题要求考生能读懂选自各类书籍和报刊的不同类型的文字材料(生词量不超过所读材料总量的3%), 还应该读懂与本人学习或工作有关的文献、技术说明书和产品说明等。根据材料,考生应能1. 理解文章主旨要义; 2. 理解文章中的具体信息; 3. 理解文章中的概念性意义; 4. 进行有关判断、推理和引申; 5. 根据上下文推测词义; 6. 理解文章总体结构以及上下文之间的关系; 7. 理解作者的意图、观点和态度; 8. 区分论点和论据。

英语阅读理解的试题具体从两个方面来测试考生的阅读理解能力。第一部分测试考生对文章内容的理解能力,这部分内容又分A,B,C三节进行,共30小题,每题2分,总分为60分。A节20小题,共有四篇短文,总计约1,600个英语词,主要测试考生理解文章主旨要义,具体信息,概念性含义,进行有关判断,推理和引申,推测作者的意图、观点和态度以及根据上下文推测词义的能力。例如:

Advertisers believe consumers will look at and remember messages conveyed in unexpected ways. They are using traditional media in new ways. Some bill-boards now sport elaborate lights and music. One for a Southern California hospital featured a huge, inflatable heart with fans inside simulating beating motions. On television, both General Electric and Shearson Lehman Hutton have experimented with different sounds—buzzes, hums, and weird music—to catch the public’s ear. Magazines feature gatefolds (fold-out ads attached to front or back covers), pop-ups, and even computer chips that play Christmas carols. Newspapers offer ads in red ink with a strawberry scent; other scents, such as coffee, are being developed.

Then there are alternative media, everything from matchbook covers to blimps. Use of nontraditional media represents a tiny share of the advertising dollar but is growing fast. Human billboards—people wearing huge popcorn bags—hand out samples of Smartfood cheese popcorn in Chicago, Jeep and Hardee’s advertise on Baltimore parking meters. Ski lifts carry lip balm and tanning lotion ads. Campbell Soup once put fish recipes calling for its soups on the back of Roman Catholic church bulletins during Lent.

In high schools, Channel One television plays commercials along with newscasts. Televisions in doctors’ offices feature a magazine show, with ads of course. Bank customers with personal computers will see three if they use a certain diskette on home banking. Theatergoers and people who buy or rent videotapes sometimes get commercials along with the movie.

At supermarkets and drugstores, shopkeepers are bombarded with electric signs, closed-circuits radios playing commercials in aisles, and video recorders showing how to use products. Video screens mounted on shopping carts play ads as customers make their way through stores.

“Everywhere there’s space, they’re slapping something on it,” says one marketer.

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