The Impact and Countermeasures of RMB Appreciation on Export-Based Enterprises in China

人民币升值对中国出口型企业的影响及对策

The Impact and Countermeasures of RMB Appreciation on

Export-Based Enterprises in China

Abstract

RMB appreciation will pose a challenge to export-based enterprises in China, and bring a sense of crisis to them. Therefore, China's export enterprises should take active measures to deal with the impact caused by the RMB appreciation, so that export-oriented enterprises can better adapt to the changes in the global economy, thus materializing their sustainable and stable development.

Keywords: RMB appreciation, Export-based industries, Pros and cons, Countermeasures

The appreciation of the RMB has become much-discussed focus in the international economy and society. China has begun to implement the managed floating exchange rate system based on market supply and demand, with reference to a basket of currencies. RMB exchange rate is no longer pegged only to the U.S. dollar, and instead China has formulated a more flexible RMB exchange rate mechanism. RMB appreciation will pose a challenge to export-based enterprises in China, and bring a sense of crisis to them. Therefore, China's export enterprises should take active measures to deal with the impact caused by the rising Yuan, so that export-oriented enterprises can better adapt to the changes in the global economy, thus materializing their sustainable and stable development.

In June, 2008, the exchange rate of RMB against the U.S. dollar exceeded the 7:1 boundary. The trend of a Yuan’s rise is foreseeable, and in the irreversible environment, we must take appropriate steps to prevent large fluctuations in RMB to mitigate its negative impact on the import and export trade, while at the same time making full use of the small rise in yuan to promote trade development. Yuan’s rise is not only conducive to a decrease in import costs and domestic inflation, stimulation to consumption, acceleration of structural adjustment, promotion of foreign investment and the reduction in trade friction, but in the short term will also have a negative impact on exports, influencing foreign investment and employment.

1. Major industries damaged by and benefiting from Yuan’s rise

The impact of a Yuan’s rise on various kinds of sectors varies according to the different characteristics of industries. RMB appreciation brings advantages to the industries that need to import raw materials, but is not favorable to ones that are export-oriented. It also brings opportunities to the upgrade and optimization of these industries, though certain industries will be adversely affected by it.

The main industries benefiting from Yuan’s rise are as follows: (1) real estate and infrastructure ones, which belong to the non-real estate industry, with its domestic real estate value comprehensively enhanced by a rise in Yuan; (2) ones such infrastructure industries as airports, ports, railways, and highways characterized by limited resources, monopoly, the long construction period, and small supply elasticity; (3) the financial sector, especially banking and securities, which is among capital-intensive industries dealing with currencies and capital. Because of good

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