医学英语往年试题答案

同济医学院

Examination Paper

(For medical students)

学号________ 姓名_______ 分数_________

I. Choose the correct meaning for each prefix or suffix. 8%

1. masto – A. breast. B. womb. C. menses. D. orary

2. extra – A. inside. B. outside. C. across. D. backward

3. spleno – A. cell . B. bone marrow. C. thymus. D. spleen

4. – ectomy A. cutting. B. stomy. C. cutting out. D. outlet – forming

5. dermo – A. skin. B. below. C. under. D. cuti

6. proteo – A. sweet. B. bile. C. protein. D. fat

7. chromo – A. time. B. color. C. for. D. disease

8. necro – A. life. B. colour. C. time. D. dead.

II. Filling in the blanks with proper words. 8%

9. We will use the term ________to refer to the data that can be gathered about an individual patient, namely, symptoms, signs, and laboratory abnormalities.

10. __________________are those diseases characterized by structural changes within the body as the most basic abnormality.

11. The surgeon should never leave the operating room area until the report is dictated, unless his or her ___________is required for an emergency elsewhere.

12. The function of the ______________is to protect us from organisms that cause disease, and from other materials that would be harmful to the body.

13. AIDS, abbreviation of________________________________________, is a viral disease that impairs the immune system of the human body, leaving it prey to a great variety of infections that would be readily suppressed by a functioning immune system.

14. Approximately 10% of the patients _______ breast cancer present with a history of trauma.

15. Obesity in children and adolescents may be associated with sociopsychologic ____________.

16. Most people who have recently been infected by HIV look and feel perfect ___________.

III. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 8%

17. Genetic and developmental diseases _______________.

a. cover a wide range of abnormalities

b. are influenced by environment so as to appear early in life

c. are defined as injuries, inflammation, or even neoplasms

d. are caused by biochemical changes present at birth

18. Structural changes within the body ________.

a. are the most basic abnormality

b. are usually at the microscopic or electron microscopic level

c. may be either biochemical or morphologic

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