《新编简明英语语言学教程》1-6章复习题集

《英语语言学概论》课程复习题集 (1-6章)

2012-5-16更新

Chapter I Introduction2012

I. Decide whether each of the following statements is TRUE or FALSE:

1. Linguistics is the scientific study of language.

2. Competence and performance is distinguished by Saussure.

3. A synchronic linguistics is the study of a language through the course of its history.

4. Linguistics is generally defined as the scientific study of language.

5. Linguistics studies particular language, not languages in general.

6. A scientific study of language is based on what the linguist thinks.

7. In the study of linguistics, hypotheses formed should be based on language facts

and checked against the observed facts.

8. General linguistics is generally the study of language as a whole.

9. General linguistics, which relates itself to the research of other areas, studies the

basic concepts, theories, descriptions, models and methods applicable in any

linguistic study.

10. Phonetics is different from phonology in that the latter studies the combinations of the sounds to convey meaning in communication.

11. Morphology studies how words can be formed to produce meaningful sentences.

12. The study of the ways in which morphemes can be combined to form words is

called morphology.

13. Syntax is different from morphology in that the former not only studies the

morphemes, but also the combination of morphemes into words and words into

sentences.

14. The study of meaning in language is known as semantics.

15. Both semantics and pragmatics study meanings.

16. Pragmatics is different from semantics in that pragmatics studies meaning not in

isolation, but in context.

17. Social changes can often bring about language changes.

18. Sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to society.

19. The arbitrary nature of language makes it possible for language to have an unlimited source of expressions.

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