最清晰的动词不定式结构表

详细介绍了动词不定式的用法及功能

1

非谓语动词

时态

功能 1. 2.表示与谓语动词同时 (或几乎同时)发生表示谓语动词的动作发生时,不定式的 1. 2. 1. 2. 1. 2. 1. I plan to attend the meeting tomorrow. He promised to write to me once a week. I saw him go out. He is said to be very rich

举例

表示在谓语动词之后发生(将要发生) to do (不定式一般式)

He pretended to be sleeping when I came in. I am very glad to be working with you. He is believed to be coming. The old man seems to be dying. I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. They pretend to have finished the job. The novel is believed to have been translated into Chinese.

to be doing (不定式进行式)

动作正在进行表示在谓语动词之后发生 (将要发生)

不定式 to have done (不定式完成式)

表示不定式的动作发生在谓语动词之前

2. 3.

如果不定式有持续动词构成,而且句中有 for, since等表示一段时间的时间状语时,则不定式的完成式表示持续到谓语动词之时仍没有结束。 be, be due to, expect, intend, hope, mean, plan, promise, suppose, think, want, wish右侧谓语动词的过去时加不定式完成式,或它们的过去完成时 (be, be due to除外)加不定式的一般式,表示过去的期待,没有实现的愿望或计划等,常译为“本打算,原希望”等。 4. 1. 2. 3. I hoped to have finished the work earlier. I intended to have come to see you. I had intended to call on you yesterday, but someone came to see me just when I was about to leave. I was to have met him at the station, but he didn’t come. 1. 2. He seems to have been ill for a long time. I’m happy to have lived with you since I came to this school.

最清晰的动词不定式结构表

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