医学人文英语教程答案

Unit 1. History of medicine

Keys

Text A

Language Focus 1. is credited with;

2. are sometimes referred to as;

3. was supposed to;

4. were espoused by;

5. in addition to;

6. was attributed to;

7. categorize;

8. is given credit for;

9. though. (略) 1. Hippocrates proposed the humoral theory that the body of man has four distinct bodily fluids in itself: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile, different mixture of which leads to different temperaments.

2. In ancient Greece, career as a doctor was passed on from father to son, so Hippocrates studied medicine under his father from his early age.

3. Ancient Greek medicine was a field restricted by religious superstition where wizards cured diseases by means of prayer, magic or ritual recitation of spells.

4. It now appears that Hippocrates was incorrect in his explanation of the causes of human temperament, but his temperament categories and names have been in use ever since.

5. Ancient Western doctors about to enter medical practice were required to take an oath on medical ethics, which was derived from the oath of Hippocrates, an ancient Greek physician revered as "father of medicine” in the West.

6. As the father of Western medicine, Hippocrates is the first to formulate the code of ethics that doctors are required to comply with. Furthermore, his medical opinions and medical practice have exerted a huge influence on the development of Western medicine for centuries. Text B 1. Four traditional examination methods: looking, listening and smelling, asking, and touching.

2. ①TCM can make diagnoses and treat patients without needing a scientific understanding of cause and pathogenesis.②the fundamentals of TCM remain largely unchanged and its theories inexplicable to science.

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