中考英语常错知识点总结1

中考英语常错知识点总结 1

A a an

[误] I think it is an useful English dictionary.[正] I think it is a useful English dictionary. [析]在不定冠词a与an的用法中要注意的一点是:an用在以元音开头的词之前;而a则用在

以辅音开头的词之前。要特别注意的是以u字母打头的单词,如useful,university等,其第

一个音标是[j],所以要特别予以注意。

[误] I need a hour to finish this letter. [正] I need an hour to finish this letter.

[析] 要注意hour和honest的第一个字母不发音。

[误] My teacher is a unknown man, but he is a very good man.

[正] My teacher is an unknown man, but he is a very good man.

[析] 要注意以u打头的单词,它的发音为[]时,单数名词前要用an,如uncle等。 [误] There is a "f" in the word "football".[正] There is an "f" in the word "football".

[析]英文字母单独使用时,如其第一个发音是元音时,其前面的不定冠词应该用an而不是a. [误] I have a little brother. He is a 8-year-old boy.

[正] I have a little brother. He is an 8-year-old boy.

[析] 要注意这些字母的第一个发音为元音,如eight, eleven等。

[误] This is an useful dictionary.[正] This is a useful dictionary.

able 

[误] This bike is able to be repaired. [正] This bike can be repaired.

[析] be able to 主要表达某事或某人具有某种能力去作某事,应译为"有本领"、"有能力"、"可

以"作某事,如:I'm able to swim across this river.

而can可以用来表示具有接受能力或吸收能力。如:This radio can be repaired here.

about 

[误] This class is about to begin just now.[正] This class is about to begin.

[析] 要注意be about to 是"将要"的意思,含有将来时之意,不要与表示过去时的时间状语连

用。另外,be about to 一般用作书面语,对应的口语是be going to.

about on 

about与on都可以作"关于"讲,但却有所不同,例如:This book is about physics. 应译为"

这是一本关于物理学的科普读物。"而:This book is on physics.则应译为"这是一本物理学

方面的专著。"

above 

[误] The temperature is five degrees over zero.[正] The temperature is five degrees above zero. [析] 表达"在……上方"时,above与over是可以互换的,如:The sky is above(or over)our heads. 但是要表达在垂直方向上的上方时则应用above不可用over,如:The sun has risen above the horizon. [误] There is often thick cloud above the South of China in summer.

[正] There is often thick cloud over the South of China in summer.

[析] 当表达覆盖之意时,只可用over而不能用above.

[误] There is a bridge above the river.

[正] There is a bridge over the river.

[析] 用来表达"从……上方越过"时不能用above只能用over,如:The plane flew over the city. 但

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