大学四级英语 词组

适用于大学四级考试,很详细!

1.enable sb to do sth使某人能做某事

eg.The computer enables people to communicate with each other more conveniently./计算机使人们彼此间能更方便地交流。

2.be about to do sth…when 正要做某事……突然……

eg.I was about to go shopping when it suddenly began to rain./我刚要出去买东西,天就突然下雨了。

3.by accident/by chance/accidentally 偶然地

http://www.wendangwang.come across sb 偶然遇见

5.act on sth 依……行事

eg.Each student should act on the rules and regulations of the school./每个学生都应该遵守学校的规章制度。

6.add to/add up to 加上/总计达

eg.The number of the patients added up to three hundred last week./上星期,病人人数达到了三百人。

7.in advance/ahead of time 提前

8.after all 毕竟

9.agree to do sth/agree with sb/agree to sth

10.aim at doing sth 下定目标做某事

eg.Aiming at winning the game,he practiced hard every day./为赢得比赛,他每天努力练习。

11.allow/permit/forbid doing sth 允许/允许/禁止做某事

12.allow/permit/forbid sb to do sth 允许/允许/禁止某人做某事

13.apologize to sb for sth 因某事向某人道歉

14.take sth in one's arms 抱着……

15.arrive at a conclusion 得出结论

16.put sb to shame 使某人相形见绌

eg.His courage put all the other students to shame./他的勇气令其他学生都感到惭愧不如。

17.be astonished at sth 因某事感到震惊

18.make the bed 铺床

19.blame sb for sth/it is me to blame 因某事责怪某人/该受责怪的人是我

20.break down/break up/break out/break into 坏了/驱散/爆发/破门而入

21.hold one's breath/out of breath 摒住呼吸/上气不接下气

22.bring about/bring up 引起,使发生/抚养长大

23.burst into tears/laughters 突然大哭/大笑

24.burst out crying/laughing 突然大哭/大笑

25.call at sp/call on sb/call up/call off/call out to/call for/call on sb to do 拜访某地/拜访某人/打电话/取消/大喊/叫来/号召某人做某事

26.carry out/work out/point out/find out 实现/做出/指出/查明

27.catch up with sb/keep up with sb/put up with sb 赶上某人/跟上某人/容忍某人

28.change sth into sth/exchange sth for sth 把……变成/交换

eg.Can you change this note into coins?/你能把这张纸币换成硬币吗?

eg.May I exchange this book for your new pen?/我能用这本书换你的新笔吗?

http://www.wendangwang.come into being/come to oneself/形成/恢复意识

eg.The new system came into being in the late 19th century./这种新体制在十九世纪后期开

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