英语12月份的来历

Origin of Month Names

JANUARY; Named for the Roman god Janus, protector of gates and doorways. Janus

is depicted with two faces, one looking into the past, the other into the future. FEBRUARY: From the Latin word februa, "to cleanse." The Roman Februalia was a

month of purification and atonement.

MARCH: Named for the Roman god of war, Mars. This was the time of year to

resume military campaigns that had been interrupted by winter.

APRIL: From the Latin word aperio, "to open (bud)," because plants begin to grow

in this month.

MAY: Named for the Roman goddess Maia, who oversaw the growth of plants. Also

from the Latin word maiores, "elders," who were celebrated during this month.

JUNE: Named for the Roman goddess Juno, patroness of marriage and the well-being

of women. Also from the Latin word juvenis, "young people."

JULY: Named to honor Roman dictator Julius Caesar (100 B.C.– 44 B.C.). In 46

B.C., Julius Caesar made one of his greatest contributions to history: With the help of Sosigenes, he developed the Julian calendar, the precursor to the Gregorian calendar we use today.

AUGUST: Named to honor the first Roman emperor (and grandnephew of Julius

Caesar), Augustus Caesar (63 B.C.– A.D. 14).

SEPTEMBER: From the Latin word septem, "seven," because this had been the

seventh month of the early Roman calendar.

OCTOBER: From the Latin word octo, "eight," because this had been the eighth

month of the early Roman calendar.

NOVEMBER: From the Latin word novem, "nine," because this had been the ninth

month of the early Roman calendar.

DECEMBER: From the Latin word decem, "ten," because this had been the tenth month of the early Roman calendar.

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