初中英语中考语法知识点和习题(带答案)-冠词和数量词

冠词和数量词

冠词

冠词是词汇中的基础的,也是简单的部分,所以同学们有必要掌握其基本用法,归纳起来,同学们应该掌握以下几点: 1.冠词指不定冠词a,an和定冠词the 2.不定冠词an常用于元音发音开头的词前,如:an hour,an English car. 请区别:a useful machine 3.指上文提到过的人或物,用定冠词the 4.在世界上独一无二的事物前用定冠词the.如:the sun,the moon,the earth

5.定冠词the用于序数词前,表示方位的名词和形容词最高级前。如:the first,the best ,in the south

6.在复数姓氏前加the,表示××一家人,常看成复数。 如:The Browns are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer.

7.在介词短语中常用定冠词the,如:in the box ,behind the chair

8.特别注意不能用定冠词the的几个方面:

(1)在节日、星期、月份、季节、年等词前不用冠词。如:in summer,in August

请区别:in the spring of 1945. (这里表示特指,故加the) (2)一日三餐和球类运动名不用冠词。 如:have breakfast ,play football

(3)一些固定词组中,如:go to bed ,go to school,by bus ,at night.

9.在有些词组中,有冠词和无冠词意思不同,注意区别:

数时才加s,构成复数形式。

hundreds of 数以百计的,成百上千的 thousands of 数以千计的,成千上万的

millions of 数百万的 这些词组前不能用具体数字。 3.序数词常与定冠词the 连用。

练习:①Henry has learned eight _________ French words this year. D.hundreds of

②The _________lesson is the most difficult one in Book Two. (twenty)

另外,同学们还应掌握与数词有关的钟点表达法。 顺读法(钟点+分钟) 如:4:30 four thirty 4:45 four forty-five 如:4:30 half past four

4:15 fifteen past four/a quarter past four 4:45 fifteen to five/a quarter to five 课堂练习题 :

1.At the beginning of the_____(twenty) century,the world's population was about 1700 million. 2.Are these_____(watch)yours? Yes.

3.You don't look well.You'd better go to the______(doctor) at once.

4.Would you give me________,please?

A.two papers B.two piece of paper

C.two pieces of paper D.two pieces of papers

A.hundred B.hundreds C.hundred of

4:15 four fifteen 倒读法(分钟+to/past+钟点)

5.There are three_____and seven____in the picture. in front of 在 前面 in the front of 在 范围内的前部

A.monkeys,sheeps B.monkeys,sheep

in the hospital 在医院里 in hospital (生病)住院

C.monkies,sheep D.monkies,sheeps

练习:There's__ 800-metre-long road behind ___hospital.

6.A lot of____are talking with two_______.

A.an,an B.a, a C.an, the D.a, the

A.Germans,Frenchmans B.Germen,Frenchmans

数量词

C.German, Frenchmen D.Germans,Frenchmen

同学们首先应会读会写所有基数词和序数词,以及

7.June 1 is __. A.the Children's Day B.the Childrens'

与数词有关的钟点表达法。对数词的考查,中考常采用

Day C.Children's Day D.Childrens' Day

单选题及听力题,这些题型归纳起来,应掌握以下几点

8.__________people went out to see what had happened.

特别容易出错的地方。

A.Thousands of B.Three thousand ofC.Thousand of

1.基数词变序数词。其规律为:

D.Three thousands

1,2,3特殊记,加th从4起 (first,second,third,fourth)

9.We have been in the school for______.

8少t,9去e,千万别忘记 (eighth,ninth) 逢5逢

A.three and a half month B.three and a half months

12,ve变f (fifth,twelfth)

C.three month and a half D.three months and half

20到90,y要变ie (twentieth,ninetieth) 若是几十几,

10.________English is_________ useful language.

前基后序别倒位 (ninety-first)

A.A, an B./, a C.The, an D. A, /

2.hundred,thousand,million 在构成具体的数字时用单数

11.John was given _______ orange bag for his birthday but

形式。 如:five hundred people. 只有在表达笼统的多

1

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