Lecture 2

1 根据词类确定词义

Up

1) What are you doing there?

你在那边做什么?

2) He is well in mathermatics.

他精通数学

3) They went wind.

他们迎风而行

4) They new museum is and opens to the public.

新博物馆已经落成并向公众开放。

5) We all have our and downs.

人生总有起起落落。

Light

1) I took a good room. It was big, light and looked out on the East Lake.

我租了一个挺不错的房间,面积大,采光好,又面朝东湖。

2)He lighted his cigarette, said good night, and went on.

他点火器燃了一根香烟,道了声“晚安”, 按着便继续赶路。

3)Plants grow rapidly when exposed to light.

植物有了光照就会快速生长。

英译汉增词:词汇性增词和逻辑性增词

1) 原文省略的词

Matter can be changedenergy, and energy into matter.

物质可以转化为能,能也可以转化为物质。

2) 必要的连接词

Heated, water will change into vapor.

水如受热,就会气化(蒸发)

3) 复数概念

The began to show their long blueover the valley.

群山开始向山谷投下一道道蓝色长影。

4) 抽象概念增词

This lack of in very cold metals may become useful in electronic ecomputers. 这种在甚低温金属中没有电阻的现象可能对电子计算机很有用处。

5) 逻辑性增词 scientists, it takes natureto create an inch of topsoil.

根据科学家们的看法,自然界要用500年的时间才能形成一英寸的表层土壤。

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