2002年考研英语真题答案

2002— 1

2002年真题答案

diffusion n. 扩散;传播,普及,散布(P1L1)

display n. (计算机屏幕上的)显示,显像(P2L4)

dominant a. more important, powerful or noticeable than other things 首要的;占支配地位的;显著的例:The firm has achieved a dominant position in the world market. 这家公司在国际市场上占有举足轻重的地位。(P1L3)

generalization n. 概括,归纳,泛论例:You are making too many generalizations about an issue that you don't really understand.你对一个你并不真正了解的问题做了太多的归纳。(P3L4)

impact

n. *1.the powerful effect that something has on somebody/something 巨大影响;强大作用[+ (of sth) (on sb/sth)] 2. 撞击;冲撞;冲击力

v. (对某事物)有影响,有作用[+ (on/upon) sth]例:Her father’s death impacted greatly on her childhood years. 父亲去世对她的童年造成巨大影响。2.冲击;撞击(P2L2)

integrated circuit集成电路(P2L2)

in the wake of 随……之后而来,跟随在……之后例:Outbreaks of disease occurred in the wake of the drought. 那场旱灾过后,疾病肆虐。(P1L4)

motion picture (=movie)电影(P1L6) periodical n. 期刊,杂志(P1L4)

through prep. 经过,贯穿(各阶段);自始至终例:The children are too young to sit through a concert. 这些孩子太小,音乐会没完就坐不住了。(P1L6)

weigh

v. *1.to consider something carefully before making a decision 认真考虑;权衡;斟酌[+ sth (up), + (up) sth (against sth)]例:You must weigh up the pros and cons. 你必须权衡利弊。2.to have an influence on somebody’s opinion or the result of something (对看法或结果)有影响;有分量[+(with sb) (against sb/sth)]例:His past record weighs heavily against him. 他过去的记录对他很不利。(P3L4)

perspective

n. 1.态度;观点;思考方法[+ (on sth)]例:a wider perspective on the problem看待这个问题的更广阔的视角*2.the ability to think about problems and decisions in a reasonable way without exaggerating their importance客观判断力,权衡轻重的能力(8题)

pick up

*1.改善;好转;增强2.重新开始;继续例:Let’s pick up where we left off yesterday.咱们从昨天停下的地方继续吧。3.拿起,举起,提起,拾起 4.接收(信号、声音、图像等);(偶然)得到,听到,学会;(碰巧或廉价地)买到例:We were able to pick up the BBC World Service. 我们能收到英国广播公司国际广播节目。5.辨认,识别出;跟踪,追寻;察觉,发现例:Scientists can now pick up early signs of the disease. 现在科学家能够辨认这种疾病的早期症状。to pick up the scent/trail of an animal 追寻动物的臭迹/踪迹I picked up the faint sound of a car in the distance. 我听到远处传来微弱的汽车声。(5题)

range

n. 1.一系列[+ (of sth)]*2.the limits between which something varies(变动或浮动的)范围,界限,幅度v. 1.(在一定的范围内)变化,变动[+ from A to B, + between A and B]例:to range in size/length/price from A to B 尺寸/长度/价格在A 到B间变动2.包括(从……到……)之间的各类事物[+ (from A to B)]例:She has had a number of different jobs, ranging from chef to swimming instructor. 她做过许多不同的工作,从厨师到游泳教练。(17题)

regard

v. 1.把……视为;看待[+ sb/sth (with sth), +sb/sth as sth]2.注意,重视例:You must regard the safety regulations.你必须重视安全规则。 3.(尤指以某种方式)注视,凝视例:He regarded us

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