全新版大学英语(第二版)综合教程4Unit1-Unit 6课后练习答案

全新版大学英语(第二版)综合教程4Unit1-Unit 6课后练习答案

I. 1. 1) alliance 2) at the cost of

3) stroke 4) limp

5) minus 6) regions

7) declarations 8) siege

Appendix I - $9

9) raw 10) bide his time

11) have taken their toll 12) in the case of

2. 1) is faced with 2) get bogged down

3) is pressing on / pressed on 4) drag on

5) get by 6) dine out

7) have cut back 8) get through

3. 1) The rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near

future.

2) Production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of

raw materials due to the dock workers’ strike.

3) Sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of

her career.

4) Obviously the reporter's question caught the foreign minister off guard.

5) The introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date /

obso lete.

4. 1) Being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the

occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up

our bases.

2) Unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. Failure to reckon with

this problem will weaken its strength. In many cases, work may be brought to a halt by

con stant internal struggle in an organization.

3) The Red Army fought a heroic battle at Stalingrad and won the decisive victory against

the Germans. In fact, this battle turned the tide in the Second World War. During this

famous battle, the Soviet troops withstood the German siege and weakened the German

army by launching a series of counterattacks.

II.More Synonyms in Context

1) During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the

most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium.

2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.

3)1 spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all my

words.

4) Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could

withstand the harsh weather.

- 90 - Appendix I

III. Usage

1) But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health.

2) A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks—and nobody knew anything about it.

3) It's said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work

1) Don't sit too close to the fire to keep warm—you could easily get burned, especially if you

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