关系代词who

关系代词who,whom,whose,that,which的用法

(1) 关系代词who,whom,whose,that,which的用法

英语中的关系代词有who,whom,whose,that,which,它们是用来引导定语从句的。关系代词既代表定语从句所修饰的词,又在其所引导的从句中承担一个成分, 如主语、宾语、表语或定语。如:

This is the man who saved your son.

这就是救了你儿子的那个人。(who在从句中作主语,先行词是man) The man whom I met yesterday is Jim.

我昨天见到的那个人是吉姆。(whom在从句中作宾语,它的先行词是man)

A child whose parents are dead is an orphan.

失去父母的孩子是孤儿。(whose在从句中作定语,它的先行词是child) He wants a room whose window looks out over the sea.

他想要个窗户面临大海的房间。(whose在从句中作定语,它的先行词是room)

[1] who,whom和whose

who和whom代表人,在从句中作主语时用who,作宾语时用whom,可省略。但若whom作介词宾语且介词放在其前时,不能省略;如介词位于句末时,可以省略。whose代表某人的,在从句中作定语。如:

The man who insists upon seeing with perfect clearness before he decides, never decides.

坚持看清楚一切后才做决定的人永远也做不了决定。(who作主语) He is a man whom everybody respects.

他是一个人人都尊敬的人。(whom作宾语,可以省略)

He is a man fromwhom we all should learn.

他是我们大家都应该学习的人。 (whom作介词宾语且介词位于其前,不能省略)

(此句也可以是:He is a man (whom) we should all learn from.)

The people whose houses were damaged will be compensated.

房子被损坏了的人将给予补偿。

Who, whom和whose可用于非限制性定语从句中,代表某人或某人的,此时不能用that。如:

My sister, who is a nurse, came home for a few days.

我姐姐回家住了几天,她是个护士。

[2] which

which代表物,在从句中可作主语或宾语,作宾语时可以省略,但作介词宾语且介词位于其前时不能省略。如:

The book which helps you most are those which make you think most. 最能使你获益的书是那些最能让你深思的书。(作主语)

This is a factor which we must not neglect.

你可能喜欢

  • 关系代词的用法
  • 关系代词关系副词
  • 定语从句关系代词用法
  • 高中定语从句讲解
  • 定语从句关系副词的用法
  • 初中一般将来时讲解练习及答案
  • 初中英语代词讲解
  • 英语形容词用法

关系代词who相关文档

最新文档

返回顶部