英语导游考试基础词汇答案

1、中国意念词(Chinesenesses)

八卦 trigram

阴、的阳 yin, yang

道 Dao(cf. logo)

江湖(世界) the jianghu World(the traits’ world)

e.g. You can’t control everything in a traits’ world. (人在江湖,身不由己)

道 Daoism(Taoism)

上火 excessive internal heat

儒学 Confucianism

红学(《红楼梦》研究) redology

世外桃源 Shangri-la or Arcadia

开放 kaifang(Chinese openness to the outside world)

大锅饭 getting an equal share regardless of the work done

伤痕文学 scar literature or the literature of the wounded

不搞一刀切 no imposing uniformity on…

合乎国情,顺乎民意 to conform with the national conditions and the will of the people 乱摊派,乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge

铁交椅 iron (lifetime) post’s; guaranteed leading post

脱贫 to shake off poverty; anti-poverty

治则兴,乱则衰 Order leads to prosperity and chaos to decline

2、中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festivial)

国庆节 National Day

中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival

春节 Spring Festival

元宵节 Lantern Festival

儿童节 Children’s Day

端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

妇女节 Women’s Day

泼水节 Water-Splashing Day

教师节 Teachers’ Day

五四青年节 Youth Day

3、中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods)

馄饨 wonton

锅贴 guotie (fried jiaozi)

花卷 steamed twisted rolls

套餐 set meal

盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away

米豆腐 rice tofu

魔芋豆腐 konjak tofu

米粉 rice noodles

冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)

火锅 chafing dish

八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding

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