初中英语语法专题7--副词

初中英语语法专题7--副词

考点一 副词的分类与位置

一、副词的分类

副词主要用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或其他结构。

1、表频率的副词

常见的频率副词有:always,often,usually,sometimes,never,ever,hardly,seldom.它们一般在系动词、情态动词和助动词之后,行为动词之前.

①He always goes to school on foot. ②She has never been to Beijing. ③She is often late for work.

2、表示方式的副词

与方式相关的副词,这类词通常由形容词+ly转化而来。如safely,quietly,quickly,politely loudly, luckily ,happily ,easily ,carefully , slowly , suddenly以及fast,late,hard,early等。此类副词位于动词之后,如果是及物动词一般位于宾语之后。

①The children are dancing happily. ②They work hard.

③The students did their homework carefully.

3.程度副词

与程度相关的副词有:very , much , only, quite , as, too, too…for, too…to do, well, almost, even, a little , enough , rather, a lot , so,such , badly, nearly , further , really , widely , hardly , a bit等。它们一般位于被修饰的词前面,但enough要放在被修饰的词后面。

①I can hardly know her name.②The cake is so delicious

③He was badly hurt .④He worked hard enough.

4.表时间、地点、方向的副词

(1)与时间相关的副词有: ago ,already, before, early, long, late, just, now, once, soon, since, today, tomorrow ,tonight ,yesterday, yet等。它们通常位于句末,有些也可位于句中如:already等。

①They’ll come back soon. ②He lived here ten years ago .

③They have finished the work already.=They have already finished the work.

(2)与地点、方向相关的副词经常位于动词之后与动词搭配构成短语动词。

outside, inside , upstair ,here ,there ,home, near, come back , turn left , go out

5.疑问副词和关系副词

(1)常用的疑问副词:when,where ,why ,how,how old, how long, how soon, how often, how far等以及perhaps,maybe,instead等,通常用于句首。

①Maybe/Perhaps he is at home. ②How did you go there ?

③When was he born ? ④How often do you see a movie ?

⑤How soon will your father come back?

(2)关系副词主要有四个,即when, where, why,how等。关系副词常用来引导从句。

二、副词的位置和排序

(一)、副词的位置:

1) 在动词之前。

2) 在be动词、助动词之后。

3) 多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。 注意:

a. 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副词可以提前,以使句子平衡。 We could see very clearly a strange light ahead of us.

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