高考英语语法复习:连词(讲解,练习题及答案)

高考英语语法复习:连词(讲解,练习题及答案)

语法:连词 Link words

连词是虚词,不能在句中单独担任成分,只起连接作用。按其用法,连词可分为两大类:并列连词(Coordinate Conjunctions)和从属连词(Subordinate Conjunctions)。

一.并列连词:连接具有并列关系的词、短语或句子。

1. 并列关系:and, not only…but also…, both…and…, neither…nor… I used to live in Paris and London.

Both Jane and Jim are interested in fishing. The weather here is neither too cold nor too hot. She is not only kind but also honest.

2. 转折关系:but, yet, while(然而), when(然而,偏偏) The car is very old but it runs very fast.

The problem was a little hard, yet I was able to work it out.

The winter in Beijing is very cold while that of Kunming is warm. Why did you borrow the book when you had one? 3. 选择关系:or, not…but…, either…or…, Would you like to live or would you like to stay? He is not a teacher but a writer.

You can come either on Saturday or on Sunday. 4. 因果关系:for

It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet now. The leaves of the trees are falling, for it’s already autumn. 5. 区别

(1)and和or

1) 并列结构中,or通常用于否定句,and用于肯定句。 2) 但有时and 也可用于否定句。请注意其不同特点: There is no air or water in the moon.

There is no air and no water on the moon.

在否定中并列结构用or 连接,但含有两个否定词的句子实际被看作是肯定结构,因此要用and。 典型例题

---I don’t like chicken ___ fish. ---I don’t like chicken, ___ I like fish very much. A. and; and B. and; but C. or; but D. or;and 答案C。否定句中表并列用or, but 表转折。 判断改错:

(错) We will die without air and water. (错) We can’t live without air or water. (对) We will die without air or water. (对) We can’t live without air and water. (2) 表示选择的并列结构 1) or 意思为"否则"。

I must work hard, or I’ll fail in the exam.

2) either or 意思为"或者 或者 "。注意谓语动词采用就近原则。 Either you or I am right. (3) 表示转折或对比

1) but表示转折,while表示对比。

Some people love cats, while others hate them. 典型例题

--- Would you like to come to dinner tonight? --- I’d like to, ___ I’m too busy. A. and B. so C. as D. but

答案D。but与前面形成转折,符合语意。而表并列的and, 结果的so,原因的as都不符合句意。 2) not but 意思为"不是 而是 " not 和but 后面的用词要遵循一致原则。 They were not the bones of an animal, but (the bones) of a human being. (4) 表原因关系 1) for

判断改错:

(错) For he is ill, he is absent today. (对) He is absent today, for he is ill.

for是并列连词,不能置于含两个并列分句的句子的句首,只能将其放在两个分句中间。 2) so, therefore

He hurt his leg, so he couldn’t play in the game. 注意:

a. 两个并列连词不能连用,但therefore, then, yet.可以和并列连词连用。 You can watch TV, and /or you can go to bed.

He hurt his leg, and so / and therefore he couldn’t play in the game.

b. although yet ,但although不与 but连用。

(错) Although he was weak, but he tried his best to do the work.. (对) Although he was weak, yet he tried his best to do the work. (5) 注意:

not only but also 关联两个分句时,一个分句因有否定词not 而必须倒装。 Not only does he like reading stories, but also he can even write some.

neither nor 意思为"既不 也不 "谓语动词采用就近原则,与nor后的词保持一致。 (6) 比较so和 such

其规律由so与such的不同词性决定。such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。so 还可与表示数量的形容词many,few,much, little连用,形成固定搭配。 so + adj. such + a(n) + n. so + adj. + a(n) + n. such + n. (pl.) so + adj. + n. (pl.) such +n. (pl.) so + adj. + n. [不可数] such +n. [不可数] so foolish such a fool so nice a flower such a nice flower so many/ few flowers such nice flowers

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