诊断学英文考题

诊断英文试题

诊断之资料
1. Edema(answer in English):Edema is a physically detectable excess of fluid in the interstitial spaces of the body.

2..简述莫氏试验的正常判断标准。(每条1分)
⑴ The specific gravity of the urine during a day and night is above 1.020 at least one time.
⑵ The difference between the highest and the lowest specific gravity of urine is above 0.009
⑶ The ratio of the amount of the daytime urine to the amount of nocturia is 3-4:1.
⑷ The amount of nocturia is less than 750ml.

3. MICM:
It is a classificatour method of acute leukemias (1 point), including morphology, immunology(lpoint), cytogenetics and molecular(2 point).

4. Graham steel murmur:
In mitral stenosis and auricular septal defect patients,pulmonary valve relative incompetence
occurred due to pulmonary hypertension ^3 points), late phase can be heard in pulmonary valve
area(l point).

5. Leukemoid reaction:
It means reactive leukocytosis in periphery blood that is similar to leukemias, it may occur in
patients with inflammatory desease, cancer or infections.

6.Please describe the content of general examination in English.
Sex; age?temperature, pulse; respiration, blood pressure; development and habitus; nutrition;
consciousness; facial features and expression; position and posture; gait; tone and voice; skin;
lymphnodes. (各0.5)

7. jaundice:?Jaundice is the yellowish discoloration of the sclerae ,skin, mucous membranes, and body fluid(1分) caused by disorders of bilirubin metabolism(1分)

8. How to describe lymphonode?
We must describe the position \ size\ numbers\ degree of hardness\ tenderness\ range of motion\ conglutination
of the lymphonode (3分) and whether or not there is red swelling \scar\ fistulae of the skin.

9.Clinical significance of neutropenia. (英文回答)
⑴ Certain infection (such as viral infection)
⑵ Certain blood diseases (such as AA)
⑶ Physical and chemical damage (such as X-ray)
⑷ Hypermonocyte-phagocytic system (such as hypersplenism)
⑸ Auto-immune diseases (such as SLE)

10. Clinical significance of pathological neutrophilia.(英文回答)
⑴ Acute infections
⑵ Severe tissue damage
⑶ Acute hemorrhage or acute hemolysis
⑷ Acute poisoning
⑸ Leukemia and malignant tumour

11.Total serum bilirubin:Total serum bilirubin equals direct bilirubin plus indirect bilirubin.


12.APTT:活化部分凝血活酶时间,反映内源性凝血系统各凝血因子总的凝血状况的筛选试验。

13.tubular breath sound : bronchovesicular breath sound has been heard in the area where vesicular breath sound was normally heard .

14.the content of auscultation in the lung?
normal breath soun


d(1分); abnormal breath sound(1分); rales: moist rales and dry rales(1分); pleural friction rub (1分)and vocal resonance(1分)

15.左侧大量胸腔积液视、触、叩、听检查

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