初中英语语法专题2--代词

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初中英语语法专题2:代词

代词是代替名词以及起名词作用的短语和句子的词.英语中代词可分为人称代词 ,物主

代词 ,反身代词,相互代词 ,指示代词,不定代词,连接代词,疑问代词和关系代词.

考点1.人称代词

2.人称代词的用法

初中英语语法专题2--代词

(1)第一人称I 代表说话者,须大写。如:①That's what I want.②I can't know Japanese at

all.

(2)并列人称代词的次序

几个人称代词并列时,一般是第二,第三人称在前,第一人称在后,但we除外.但在表示承

担责任时,通常将第一人称放在句首。如:you and I you ,he and I he and I we and

you you and he we and they he and she we, you and they

(3)人称代词做主语的时候用主格,作宾语时候用宾格,做表语时候用宾格较多。如:

①He is a doctor.②Do you know him?③ Who is there? It's me.

(4) it的用法

a.代表前面提到过的事物,如:My pen is missing.I can’t find it anywhere.

b.用来指人,主要指婴儿或身份不明的人.

①The woman had a baby.It is ten months old.②Who is knocking at the door? It’s me.

c.表示时间,距离,天气,季节等.

①What time is it ? It’s nine. ②It was cloudy yesterday. ③It’s only half an hour’s walk from

here to our school. ④It’s summer now.

d.作形式主语或形式宾语.

①I found it difficult to learn English at first. ②It’s important to protect our environment.

【拓展训练】

1. Isn’t it amazing how the human body heals _______after an injury?

A. himself B. him C. itself D. it

2. —Is that schoolbag? —No. A. his, His B. her, His C. he, His D. her, Her

3. He didn’t make ________ clear when and where the meeting would be held.

A. this B. that C. it D. these

4. The chairman thought ____ necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting.

A. that B. it C. this D. him

5. The information on the Internet gets around much more rapidly than ____ in the newspaper.

A. it B. those C. one D. that

6. --- How long are you staying? --- I don’t know. _____.

A. That’s OK B. Never mind C. It depends D. It doesn’t matter

7. --Do you know ________ this dictionary belongs to? --Let me see. Oh, it’s __________.

A. who does, mine B. who, me C. whose, mine D. who, mine

8. 一 Hi, Jim! Is this your bike or Mary's? —.

A. her B. him C. his D. hers

9.Kate and I are going to the concert this weekend.Dad will take_________ there.

A.it B.you C.us D. them

10.---Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.

---Why____? John is sitting there doing nothing.

A.him B.he C.I D.me

11. —Excuse me, are these ___ new shoes? —No, they aren’t. ______ are black over there.

A. your; Mine B. my; Your C. her; Her D. mine; Yours

12.The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from ______ spoken in

England.

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