初中英语祈使句讲解及练习(附答案)

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初中英语祈使句讲与练

祈使句指的是表示命令、请求、建议或劝告的句子。其主语you常省略,谓语动词用原形,句末用感叹号或句号,读降调。

1. 肯定的祈使句

(1)动词原形+其他

Stand up, please. = Please stand up. 请起立。

(2)Be + n./adj.

Be a good boy! 要做一个好孩子! Be careful! = Look out! = Take care! 小心/ 当心!(3)Let + 宾语+ 动词原形+ 其它成分

Let me help you. 让我来帮你。Let’s go to school together. 咱们一起上学去吧。

2. 否定的祈使句

(1) Don't + 动词原形

Don't stand up. 别站起来。

Don't be careless. 别粗心。

Don't let them play with fire. 别让他们玩火。

(2)Let型的否定式有两种:“Don't + let + 宾语+ 动词原形+ 其它成分”和“Let + 宾语+ not + 动词原形+ 其它成分”。

Don't let him go. / Let him not go. 别让他走。

Let them not play with fire. 别让他们玩火。

(3)no开头,用来表示禁止性的祈使句。

No smoking! 禁止吸烟!No fishing! 禁止钓鱼!

3. 祈使句的强调形式,通常在肯定祈使句式前加上助动词Do。

例如:Do shut up! 快住口!

4. 祈使句的回答祈使句的动作通常是表示将来发生的动作,所以回答祈使句时,一般用

will或won’t。

在回答具有否定意义的祈使句时,要注意两点:

1)形式一致(即Yes与will保持一致;No与won’t保持一致)

2) 意思相反(即Yes是“不”的意思;No是“是”的意思)。

在回答时,要注意分析上下文语境中所提供的条件。

如:--- Don’t go out, please. It’s raining heavily outside. 请不要出去。外面雨下得很大。

---- Yes, I will. I have to meet my brother at the airport. 不行,我得去机场接我弟弟。

5. 祈使句的反意疑问句

(1) 肯定祈使句的反意疑问句反问部分用will you 或won't you。

Please open the door, will/ won’t you? 请把门打开,好吗?

(2) 否定祈使句的反意疑问句反问部分只用will you。

Don't be late again, will you? 别再迟到了,行不行?

(3) 以let's开头的祈使句反意疑问句反问部分用shall we。

Let's turn on the TV, shall we? 我们把电视打开,好吗?

<特别注意> 只有以let's开头的祈使句的反意疑问句的反问部分才用shall we,而let us 开头的祈使句的反意疑问句的反问部分应为will you或won't you.如:Let us stay here, will/ won't you? 请(你)让我们留在这好吗?

一. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。

1.It’s an important meeting. _________________ (not, be )late.

2.________________ (not,make) any nise! Your mother is sleeping.

3.________________ (not, speak) with your mouth full of food and _________ (be) polite.

4. ________________ ( not, talk) and ____________ (read) aloud.

5._______________ (not,leave) your homework for tomorrow, Larry.

6.________________ (look) out! A car is coming.

7._______________ (give) us ten years and just see what our country will be like.

8.________________ (not, let) the baby cry.

9.Wear more clothes or you ____________ (catch) a cold.

10. Let’s _______________ (not, say) anything about it.

二、单项选择

1. The TV is too loud. Please________.

A. turn it down

B. to turn it down

C. turn down it

D. to turn down it

2. _______ late again, Bill!

A. Don't to be

B. Don't be

C. Not be

D. Be not

3. _______ cross the road until the traffic lights turn green.

A. Not

B. Won't

C. Doesn't

D. Don't

4. Please help me carry it, ______?

A. will I

B. will you

C. shall I

D. shall we

5. Don't make so much noise, ______?

A. will you

B. won't you

C. shall we

D. do you

6. Do you know the girl ______under the tree?

A. stand

B. to stand

C. standing

D. stood

7. Kate, _______ your homework here tomorrow.

A. bring

B. brings

C. to bring

D. bringing

8. ________ me the truth, or I'll be angry.

A. Telling

B. To tell

C. Told

D. Tell

9. I've kept the dog _______Maomao for a long time.

A. Name

B. named

C. naming

D. to name

10. Don't you know that _______ is good for our health?

A. swim

B. swimming

C. swam

D. swims

11 .Her doctor said: “________ work so hard”

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初中英语祈使句讲解及练习(附答案)

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