英国文学选读整理资料

Pride and Prejudice

The characteristics

Elizabeth: She inherited her father's sense of humor and irony, has positive standard of morals and good sense and is a vigorous and intelligent young lady.

Darcy: He is pride of his superior social status and objective to Elizabeth's low relatives. He is liberal and honorable and in the humble as well. Love humbles him and makes him worthy of love.

The theme

It is a novel about society and the relationships of family.

“It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of wife.” This sentence points out the theme of this novel. It is marriage and money.

This novel revolved around the process of four couple's marriage( They are Mr. Bengley and Jane, Mr. Darcy and Elizabeth, Mr. Collins and Charlotte, as well as Mr. Wickham and Lydia). It praised the marriage which is based on mutual understanding and hearty love and satirized another kind of marriage which is based on birth, wealth and lust. To some extend, it expressed the hopes and dreams of English Woman striving for freedom of marriage.

Besides this, it still satirized the social hierarchy of the time.

The 20th century(1918-1945)Modernism

“stream of consciousness”意识流代表人物:1)、Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)《Mrs. Dalloway》 达罗卫夫人《To the Lighthouse》到灯塔去 Woolf was much concerned with the position of women. 非常重视妇女的地位

Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)

(1)Points of view

1 writers’ task: to examine for a moment an ordinary mind on an ordinary day

2 theme: about the spirit not about the body

(2)a feminist

opportunity for receiving higher education,

small pay for equal work,

women are treated as inferior.

2)、James Joyce(1882-1941)被认为是继莎士比亚后英国文学史上最伟大的作家。代表作 《Ulysses》尤利西斯,Ulysses给英国传统小说带来一场革命,成功在于意识流(streams of consciousness)描写表面上纷纷扬扬,漫无边际,实际上结构齐整,周密严谨,为现代小说巅峰之作

D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930) Modernist Novelist

《Lady Chatterley’s Lover》查泰莱夫人的情人 《The Rainbow》虹 《Sons and lovers》儿子与情人《Women in lovelane》恋爱中的女人

T. S. Eliot1888-1965英国现代主义诗歌代名词

◎《普鲁弗洛克的情歌》<The Love Song of J.Alfred>

◎《荒原》<The Waste Land> 现代派诗歌经典之作,代表了现代诗歌创作的突出成就

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